Naraka Chaturdashi is also celebrated as Choti Diwali on the second day of the five-day-long celebration of Diwali, which is also a major Hindu festival.
Naraka Chaturdashi takes place on the 14th day of the Krishna paksha in the Hindu calendar during the month known as Ashwin.
Chaturdashi (14th Day) has a legend behind the celebration of this day. On this day according to the Hindu literature, the demon (asura) named Narakasura was killed by Lord Krishna, Satyabhama, and the goddess Kali.
How it is Celebrated in North India?
This day is celebrated with reverence and early morning rituals. The day begins with an age-old ritual of Abhyanga Snan, a holy bath taken before the sunrise.
Most people wake up early in the morning to perform the holy bath with ubtan made up of sesame oil, rose water and Ganga water before the sunrise.
The day is thus referred to as Roop Chaudas or Roop Chaturdashi. At last, they crush a bitter berry by foot as a sign of removal of ignorance. Lots of sweets are prepared on this day and enjoyed together with family and friends.
After the sunset, the house and porch are decorated with diyas and candles to welcome Goddess Lakshmi.
How it is Celebrated in South India?
- Puja is performed on this day and natural products like sandalwood, coconuts, oil, flowers, etc are offered to gods and some prasad made of a sesame seed, jaggery, poha (rice flakes) along with ghee and sugar is prepared.
- Mainly in southern India, Deepavali is celebrated on the Naraka Chaturdashi.
- In the rest of India Diwali is celebrated on the Amavasya (no moon night) which is the next day of Naraka Chaturdashi.
- You can put kajal on your eyes on this day to get rid of Kali Nazar (evil sight) after taking a bath.
- There is also a tradition in some families to offer food to their forefathers on this day.
- People get up early in the morning and apply oil on their whole body then take a bath. After that, they enjoy a large breakfast meal with friends and family to celebrate the day.
- The evening of this day is most spectacular to watch. There are lots of fireworks in the sky, lighting the whole sky with beautiful colors. This day is mostly enjoyed by kids who light fireworks with their elders.
- There are lots of diyas placed in front of the house on this day. Which make this day an auspicious and special event.
You can find different types of rituals being performed during Naraka Chaturdashi in different states of India. Do you want to know about those rituals?
We are going to help you to get some information about the different rituals. So continue reading the interesting events and rituals that occur on this day:
In goa, there is a ritual of creating an effigy of the Narakasura Demon which is filled with firecrackers and grass, the effigy represents the evil.
This effigy is burnt at about 4 am and when the firecrackers are finished everyone returns to their home and takes a good relaxing oil bath.
There is also a tradition of doing aarti of men by women on this day. And there is an exchange of gifts also done on this day.
In West Bengal, there is a tradition to celebrate Bhoot Chaturdashi.
On this day it is believed that there is a thin layer between the two worlds on the night of this day and different souls come to meet their loved ones.
There is also a belief that the forefathers of every family comes to see their family members on this day. Hence there is a tradition of placing 14 diyas on that day to show the way and guide forefathers home and cast away the evil souls that night. Every dark corner is lighted by diyas to dispel the darkness.
So go ahead and celebrate this Naraka Chaturdashi with some rituals that were unknown to you before. You can celebrate this Naraka Chaturdashi in any specific way that you wish.
If you wanted to celebrate this Naraka Chaturdashi in the southern custom you can get the information about it here and if you want to celebrate it in northern custom ways you can also go for that.
Enjoy this Naraka Chaturdashi with full joy and blessings along with your family and friends.